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Top 8 Popular Persian Handicrafts and Souvenirs

Top 8 Popular Persian Handicrafts and Souvenirs 800 500 sepehr

Iran is home to a large and wide variety of handicrafts, which usually has driven from ancient dynasties and eras. The reason behind this massive variety of artworks is that Iran is one of the most ancient civilizations in the world. This element, as well as different tribes, cultures, and traditions during this long history, have provided us with a wide range of Persian handicrafts in the 21st century. Let’s take a look at the top 8 handicrafts in Iran.

Iranian carpet

Persian carpet, also known as Iranian carpet or Persian Rug, is one of the most exquisite Persian handicrafts with a very long history. Since carpets are not as durable as other Persian handicrafts, this fantastic art’s detailed history remains unknown. However, the oldest discovered carpet in the world, known as Pazyryk Carpet, dates back to over 2500 years ago preserved in Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, Russia. Carpet scholars believe that this handicraft is related to the Achaemenid era. Iranian handmade carpet has various designs and formats and can be a fantastic souvenir from Iran.

Enamel (Minakari)

Minakari or Enamel is one of the most elegant Iranian arts mostly done in Isfahan. This handicraft comprises miniature painting, coloring, and decorating metal surfaces with about 5,000 years of history. Beautiful designs, bright colors, and unique images make anyone fall in love with this lovely art. The name of this artwork, “Mina,” is driven from another word, “Minou,” which means sky blue or azure color.

Toreutics (Kalam Zani)

Toreutics is a kind of metalworking in which the artists engrave and decorate metal objects, especially gold, silver, copper, brass, and steel, by hammer or burin. This fine artwork’s exact history is not so obvious; however, some believe that it dates back to the nomadic Iranians living before the Achaemenid era in Persia. Nowadays, the central hub of this graceful art is in Isfahan and Naghsh-e-Jahan Square in this city.

Kalamkari

Kalamkari is one of the most ancient hands painting art done in different fabrics like cotton and silk. There is no evident history of Kalamkari’s birthplace. However, in the Safavid Era, Isfahan was one of the major capital cities, and during this time, Kalamkari had significant growth. In this period, men’s and women’s clothing was comprised of Kalamkari Fabrics. Isfahan is still the central hub of this art, and you can find many stores in which outstanding artists work on this art.

Khatam

Khatam is an ancient art of inlaying in Persian style. The innovator of this fine art is unknown; however, it’s said that the handicraft’s cradle is Shiraz since the most ancient Khatam artworks are found in this city. Nevertheless, Khatam moved to Isfahan in the Safavid Era as a popular profession. Some of the most famous Khatam samples can be found in Iran’s historical sites such as the Jameh Mosque of Atigh in Shiraz, Lonban Mosque of Isfahan, and Mirror Hall of Golestan Palace in Tehran.

Termeh

Termeh is a luxury handwoven Persian handicraft with stunning designs and colors. The first cradle of Termeh was Isfahan, but this art moved to Yazd, and now, this city produces the most beautiful and artistic Termeh in the world with paisley designs. Sangria, Red, Green, Orange, and Black are the primary colors used in this exquisite art.

Miniature

The Persian miniature is a small painting as book illustrations or as an artwork in impressive albums called Muraqqa, representing a mythological or religious theme. This fine art has grown and flourished in the 13th – 16th centuries. It can be said that Persian miniature is Iran’s painting before the advent of Islam, which merged with Islamic mysticism and thought, and then became a way of divine manifestation. Many exquisite artworks were created during the Abbasid Caliphate era. However, many of these stunning artworks were destroyed because of the Mongol invasion against Iran. Shiraz, Tabriz, Qazvin, and Isfahan are the main hubs of the Persian Miniature.

Tile Working (Kashikari)

Tile Working has played a crucial role in ancient Persian architecture. This outstanding art dates back to 1250 B.C during Elam civilization in which a ziggurat called Chogha Zanbil temple was constructed. Tile Working in Iran mostly flourished between the 16th to 19th centuries. During this time, this artwork became the basis of decoration of many constructions such as mosques, palaces, tombs, etc. When you visit Iran, you will be stunned by this artwork, especially in Esfahan and Shiraz.

Top 9 Persian Foods that You Should Try in Iran

Top 9 Persian Foods that You Should Try in Iran 539 442 sepehr

While traveling around Iran, you will be amazed by the variety of fantastic and super delicious foods in this country, which is driven by the rich history and culture of this territory, as well as different ethnicities and religions. Traditional mouth-watering stew dishes, juicy kebabs, and succulent soups have made Iran an excellent food lovers’ destination. Besides the national and famous Persian food, you can enjoy local foods from different regions in the country as well. Here is the list of 9 exceptional Persian foods that you should never miss during your trip to Iran. Bon appetite or as Iranians say, Noosh-e-Jan!

  1. Fesenjan

Khoresh-e fesenjān, commonly known as Fesenjoon, is one of the most traditional and delicious Persian food, which you can find in most Iranian celebrations like Nowruz (Persian New Year) and even wedding ceremonies. Interestingly, Fesenjan’s recipe is various in different regions and families. Some prefer to cook it with meatballs, some prefer to use chicken, and some prefer to add fish (in the north of Iran). Besides, some like sweet Fesenjan and some like sour Fesenjan. Despite these differences, two elements, containing crushed walnuts and an exceptional pomegranate syrup taste, are permanent.

  • Sabzi Polo

When it comes to Sabzi Polo, the first thing that comes to any Iranians’ mind is Nowruz (Persian New Year) as it’s served usually at this time with fish. The fish recipe is different in the north and south. In the north, the fish is marinated in a mixture of saffron and lemon juice. In the south, however, the fish is stuffed and baked.

  • Ghormeh Sabzi

Khoresh-e Ghorme Sabzi, also spelled as Qormeh Sabzi, is an appetizing Persian food known as one of the Iranian National Dishes with a long history dating back to 2000-5000 years ago. This meal comprises various kinds of herbs (parsley, coriander, and spinach) and meat (lamb or veal) with a somehow sour taste. You can barely find anyone who claims that he/she has tried this meal and didn’t like it! Like many other Iranian dishes, Ghormeh Sabzi can be a little different in various regions of Iran. In the Azerbaijani version, black-eyed beans are used instead of kidney beans, and in the south, the chili and garlic are used. Fenugreek plays a crucial role in the aroma and flavor of this Khoresh!

  • Zereshk Polo

Zereshk Polo is one of the prettiest and, at the same time, most mouth-watering foods you can find in the Iranian cuisine range. In this dish, the sour and sweet flavor of Zereshk (barberries) is combined with saffron and white rice, offering a fantastic flavor and aroma for any taste. Zereshk Polo is usually served with chicken that should not be missed by any visitor. This dish is served on formal occasions such as wedding ceremonies and informal cases such as regular family gatherings.

  1. Bademjan

Bademjan (Eggplant) is widely used in Persian foods. One of the dishes made of it is Khoresh-e Bademjan, a unique mixture of eggplant, onion, tomato stew, and spice with a fantastic taste. Like other Iranian stews, Khoresh-e Bademjan is thick served with rice.

The other famous Iranian dish containing Bademjan is called Kashk-e Bademjan. This delectable food is a mixture of smoked eggplant and Kashk (a particular yogurt whey). This dish is not served with rice, and you can try it with a very popular Iranian bread called Lavash.

Mirzaghasemi is another popular Persian dish (usually served as an appetizer) with eggplant as the main ingredient. Other ingredients include garlic, tomato paste, eggs, oil, turmeric, salt, and pepper. This appetizer is originally from the north of Iran

Another well-known Iranian dish with eggplant is Halim Bademjan, made with shredded meat (beef or lamb), lentil, and whey, usually served with Lavash bread.

  1. Chelo Kebab Koobideh

Koobideh is probably the most famous Persian foods made of lamb or beef ground meat flavored with pepper, minced onion, and salt. There are other Iranian kebabs such as Kabab-e Barg, which is prepared by thinly sliced meat (lamb or beef) seasoned with lemon juice and onion. Kabab Barg is also greased with saffron and butter.

  1. Abgoosht

Abgoosht, translated as Ab=water and Goosht=meat, is a very traditional, tasty, and healthy Persian food widely popular in the year’s cold days. Abgoosht is often served with yogurt and different herbs, making it a very nutritious meal for you. The dish has different types such as Dizi, Abgoosht Bozbash, and Abgoosht Baghi, usually made of lamb, onion, chickpeas, tomatoes, potatoes, etc. It would be a pity if you visit Iran and miss Abgoosht!

  1. Ash Reshteh

Ash Reshteh is a traditional Iranian thick soup, which is usually served in autumn and winter. This soup is a mixture of beans, noodles, herbs, and leafy greens like spinach and beet leaves. Ash Reshteh used to be served for relatives, friends, neighbors, etc. when someone wanted to have a long journey in the past, which is still done for the same reason in some families. However, it’s part of Nowruz dishes and even ordinary occasions in traditional parties as well.

  1. Khoresh Gheime

Khoresh Gheime is a stew of beef meat and split pea cooked in a tomato base with a very appetizing taste. The stew is usually served with fried potatoes and sometimes eggplant on the top. The mixture of Khoresh-e Gheime and eggplant has an exceptional taste. This dish is traditionally served in holy and religious times of the year in Iran.

Small Zagros in the desert of Iran

Small Zagros in the desert of Iran 900 580 sepehr

A region with a beautiful and rich wildlife in the heart of the desert
Yakhab Wildlife Refuge
(Small Zagros in the desert of Iran)
Geographical location of Yakhab region
In 35 km of the historical and beautiful city of Kashan, there is a protected area that is adjacent to Kavir National Park with an area of ​​about 275 thousand hectares which is one of the largest protected areas of wildlife in Iran. The name of this area is Yakhab. The reason for naming this area is due to the existence of Yakhab spring. If you want to see the desert and Zagros of Iran in one place, you should take a trip to this region.

There is a mountainous island in this area called Yakhab Mountain Range, in this mountainous area there are beautiful valleys and numerous springs and this region is lush and indescribable in the spring. This mountainous area is surrounded by deserts and sand dunes with its unique wildlife.

Beautiful wildlife biodiversity of Yakhab
Yakhab region is one of the richest habitats in the country with 100 species of birds, 15 species of mammals and 17 species of reptiles. It is interesting to know that this region is suitable for four seasons of the year for tourism. In spring and summer, you can have a pleasant climate in the Yakhab Mountains, along with lush valleys and almond blossoms, and enjoy the weather and scenery of this region.

Yakhab Mountains
Also, in the cold season of autumn and winter, you can take a trip to the desert and the beautiful sand dunes of this area and enjoy the wildlife and the forest of Tagh. If you are planning to travel to Yakhab, do not deprive yourself of watching the King of Iranian Rocks who lives in this area.

Wild goat (Capra aegagrus) known as the King of the Iranian Rocks, are the owners of Yakhab Mountain, and the presence of their beautiful herds in this area have doubled the glory of Yakhab Mountain. If you are lucky, you can see the herds of Isfahan Esfahan Mouflon (Ovis orientalis isphahanica) in the neighborhood of wild goats in the hills. The ram and ewe are the symbol of Isfahan province wildlife, and it can be enjoyable for anyone to watch this species in this area.

The most beautiful fox in Iran whose name is Blanford’s fox (Vulpes cana), lives in this area and the first photo of this fox was taken in this area in 2017. This species of fox has a global reputation and it is banned from the World Trade List due to its beautiful tail.

A pristine settlement at the Yakhab Wildlife Refuge
A beautiful village is located in the pristine area of Yakhab Mountain, which is called Bisheh village and it has beautiful fields and gardens where different products are planted.

The houses in this village have a traditional texture and pleasant weather in summer and spring and the singing of the beautiful birds of the region such as Common Rock Thrush (Monticola saxatilis), partridges (Perdicinae) and Western Rock Nuthatch (Sitta Neumayer) makes you want to stay at least for one night.

Yakhab Desert
If you move away from this mountainous area and move towards the desert, you will see a change in vegetation. By changing the type of vegetation, you will also see different type of animals. If you move away from this mountainous area and move towards the desert, you will see a change in vegetation. By changing the type of vegetation, you will also see different animal cover.

A species called Jebeer gazelle (Gazella bennettii), which is a coquettish of the Iranian desert, can be seen in the desert part of the Yakhab region. This species is very similar to the deer (Gazella), and seeing it, is a dream for all desert hikers and wildlife photographers.

If you go to Yakhab Desert in winter, you can also see the Iranian Desert Bride there, a bird that migrates to this area thousands of kilometers from Siberia. The name of this bird is Bustard, one of the heaviest birds in Iran, and its romantic dance is enjoyable and spectacular for any desert hiker. This bird is one of the world-protected birds which is under the protection of Iran’s department of Environment.
If you have a trip to Yakhab desert in spring or summer, you will definitely be attracted to the view of the ground, because in this period of the year, you can see different and beautiful species of reptiles, including Varanus griseus and all kinds of snakes and lizards. Especially the endemic species of Maranjab snake sking (Ophiomorus maranjabensis), which only lives in this part of the world.

All you have to do is take a walk in the area for one night to better understand the special scenery of the region, which seems to have been scattered diamonds in the desert. These luminous diamonds are nothing but sparkling eyes of the Keyserling’s Plate Tailed Gecko (Teratoscincus keyserlingii)!

Feloidea of Yakhab Wildlife Refuge
If you are looking for one of the most beautiful cats in the world, you can give it a try to see it in this area. Sand Cat (Felis margarita) is the most beautiful and smallest cat in Iran that lives in the desert region of Yakhab. In 1396, three species of cats from 8 Iranian cats in this area were photographed for the first time. These three species include sand cat (Felis margarita), wild cat (Felis silvestris) and caracal. Caracal has a common habitat with sand cat and is one of the most skilled and unique hunters of birds. This species is known as “desert swift-footed”. It has a elongated body and long ears.

If the timing is right, you can see it among the desert bushes in the Yakhab region, so that it has camouflaged itself. In ancient Persian, Caracal was called Parvanak (small butterfly). “Shater Shir ” is another name for this, because the caracal runs faster than the lion and also informs other animals about the presence of the lion.

If you stay overnight in the Yakhab desert, you may have the possibility of seeing a sand fox (Vulpes ruepellii) around your tent. It is an animal that is very much in harmony with humans. Sand fox along with common fox (Vulpes Vulpes) and Blandford’s fox (Vulpes cana) is one of the three valuable fox species in this region.

Iran’s second largest brick castle (Isfahan military fort)
Upon entering the area, you can see one of the most beautiful and magnificent historical castles in the region which is the largest brick castle in Iran after Bam Castle. Karshahi Castle is known as the brick jewel of the desert of Iran. With a beautiful Iranian architecture between the silence of the Yakhab desert, this castle has kept secrets in its
Next to Karshahi Castle, you will see a very old qanat from which you can drink cool and refreshing water in summer. The existence of historical monuments, the old texture of the villages as well as the traditional lifestyle of the desert people of this region along with the wildlife and the beautiful nature of Yakhab can be attractive and spectacular for any tourist.

Yakhab Wildlife Refuge is located in Aran and Bidgol county and its protection is under the supervision of the environment department of this county. The existence of eco-lodges and traditional hotels in the villages of AbuZidabad and Mohammadabad, which are located around the Yakhab region, has made any tourist more familiar with the culture, traditional style of old houses, traditional food and historical stories of this region and has made them to have the experience of staying in these traditional houses.

Every year, thousands of foreign and Iranian tourists come to this area to see the Abuzidabad and Siazaga deserts, which are located in the Yakhab Wildlife Refuge, so that they do not miss the beautiful desert of this region, but you can travel with a different and exciting trip, Visiting the desert, Enjoy the wildlife of the region and the unique mountain habitat of the Yakhab and be one of the special tourists of this region. The story of the protection of the Yakhab Wildlife Refuge can be fascinating and audible to any tourist, and it can even make him or her concerned and involved in the protection of the wildlife and environment of the Yakhab Wildlife Refuge. It is hoped that the existence of sustainable ecotourism in protected areas will conserve wildlife well and generate a stable income from wildlife in Iran.

Pristine Areas and Unique Wildlife of Iran

Pristine Areas and Unique Wildlife of Iran 864 864 sepehr

The world’s oldest forest alongside an important international area for birds (IBA) is located in the southern strip of the Caspian sea and on the northern side of the Alborz mountain range. Iran’s first national park, Golestan National Park, is also located in this area.

In 2019, the Hyrcanian forests were registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List. There is a rich biodiversity in this area, as more than 400 species of animals live there.

Iran’s largest cat-like (Persian Leopard), largest deer (Red deer) and largest carnivore (Brown Bear) live in this area .

Kavir National Park
The National Park and Biosphere Reserve of the Desert (registered at UNESCO) is the largest desert in Iran that is located between two salt deserts and is considered as a natural museum.

Kavir National Park is the most pristine and oldest protected area in Iran in which no residence can be seen. The most prominent animal species in the National Park and Desert Biosphere Reserve is the Asian Cheetah.

The region is rich in biodiversity as it includes several carnivorous and herbivorous species such as the North Persian Leopard, Gazella bennettii, the Mouflon, Ovis orientalis and the Persian Zebra (Iranian endemic species).

Kavir National Park is also one of the most important bird watching centers (IBA) in the world. In addition to animal biodiversity, this area also has natural attractions (fossil area, salt marsh and Desert) and numerous cultural attractions (old caravanserais).

Paradise of iranin leopard (Tandoure National Park)
Tandoure National Park is one of the richest protected areas that is located in the northeast of Iran, near Turkmenistan border.

The park has a special international reputation for its location. This area has a very rich wildlife, so that it is the best habitat for the largest cat in Iran, the Persian leopard.

The world’s rarest cat, the Pallas’s cat also lives in this area. Along with carnivorous species, the largest and most beautiful ram in Iran, called Urial mouflon is seen as a large herd in this region. According to the remnants found in this area, signs show a human habitation here.

Based on these relics, it is said that the signs of living and settlement in this region date back to the ancient Iran and before the arrival of Islam to this country.

Everything You Need to Know Before Traveling to Iran

Everything You Need to Know Before Traveling to Iran 800 599 sepehr

The Most Delicious Foods in Iran

The Most Delicious Foods in Iran 1000 667 sepehr

The Most Delicious Foods in Iran

Iran, the vast land of mountains and seas, plains and forests, ancient cities and myths, along with the various ethnic groups and religions that it has in its heart, treats its gusts with a variety of delicious local dishes that will make a memorable taste for them. It doesn’t if you are a food lover or not, the magical taste of Persian food would enchant you in any case.

The geography of Iran plays an essential role in the cooking style and taste of foo din different cities; in a way that you may eat only one food with different flavors in different parts of the country. Sometimes the difference in taste ends only in the amount of spices, sometimes it interferes with the raw materials and in some cases the style of cooking is the main difference. The interesting thing about these differences is that each food in exactly have changed as the culture and customs of the people and the climate of the region.

Although each of the cities and regions has their own local food, in this article we will discuss the most famous foods that are served throughout Iran.

Khoresht-e Ghormeh sabzi

Ghormeh sabzi is one of beloved foods through all over Iran. The main ingredients of it are fresh shopped herbs, meat, kidney bean and dried lemon. It taste a little sour and the texture is soft and dilute. It usually served with rice and you can find it in almost all traditional restaurants in Iran.

Kebab koobideh

Although different types of kebabs are served as a delicious food in most countries of the Middle East, but koobideh kebabs is one of the most popular types in Iran. Koobideh also usually served in most Iranian restaurants at different prices but we suggest you order kebab in safe and famous restaurants, because the taste of it is directly related to the quality of the meat used.

Khoresht-e Fesenjan

We promise you have never taste something like that and will remember it entire your life. This traditional stew has a special place among Iranians and is served at lavish parties to honor guests. It is made of chicken or duck in combination with a large volume of ground walnuts. Pomegranate pate is the main condiment of this food, which is eaten sweet in some areas and sour-sweet in others. Like every other Persian stew, in has a watery texture and served with rice.

Dizi

Dizi or Abgousht is one of the most traditional foods in Iran and we suggest you to absolutely try it. This food is still traditionally cooked and served in earthenware. The main ingredients are onion, lamb, chickpeas and potato. In the first look you come across a soup with large ingredients floating on it, but you should know there is a different way to eat it. You have to first pour the soup water from the main container into another container. Then soak the bread in soup water and eat. In the next step, you have to beat the ingredients well with the meat beater that they bring for you, so that it looks like mashed potato. Now you can eat the mixed food with bread. As you can see, eating has its own tradition and method, but we promise you that it is worth it.

Tahchin

Since rice is one of the main Iranian dishes, it is cooked in different ways and in many flavors. Tahchin is one of the most popular and famous of these dishes. It is made of many layers of rice in mixed with saffron, yogurt and egg, with chicken or meat. The bottom of Tahchin is cooked in such a way that the top layer of rice is crispy and toasted.

Khoresht-e Gheimeh

Gheimeh is another beloved Persian stew. It is made of split peas, small cuts of meat, spices and French fries. Just like other stews, Gheimeh is eaten with rice. It is really popular all over Iran and the combination of meat and pulses, provides a nutritious meal.

Morasa Polo

This is a dish of rice mixed with dried nuts and fruit. The taste is a little sweet and pistachio, almonds, candied orange peel and saffron are the main flavor. Morasa Polo usually served for special occasions, particularly weddings, because the sweet elements symbolize a sweet life.

Kshk-e Bademjan

Kashk_e Bademjan is one of the few popular but plant-based Iranian dishes. It is made of eggplant, onion and kashk (something like yogurt). Although the food is extremely tasty, its high fat content may not be pleasant for some tastes. It is served as an appetizer in most restaurants, but because of its taste and nutritional value, it is served as a main dish in Iranian homes.

Kotlet

Kotlet have a more modern taste and appearance than traditional Iranian foods. Potato, minced meat, carrot and flour are the ingredients of this food. It can be eaten as a sandwich with French fries or a little more traditional with vegetables and pickles.

Ash Reshte

There are different types of Ash and soups in Iran and Ash Reshte is one of the most popular ones. Generally speaking, ash is a type of soup with more ingredients. It is also heavier than soup and can be considered as a lunch or dinner by itself. Ash Reshte is made of Reshte (nodels), brown lentils, chickpeas, pinto beans and whey.

 

 

 

 

The  Most Wild and Wonder natures in Iran

The  Most Wild and Wonder natures in Iran 975 650 sanam

Meet the wild wonders in the heart of Middle East

Although Iran’s wonders are endless, visiting all these sights on a short trip seems impossible.  As a   land that has embraced the life of many ancient civilizations, Iran has hidden innumerable secrets in the heart of its mountains and plains. So if you’re done with the all historical places, old mosques and looking for breathtaking landscapes stay with us to review the wildest wonders of Iran.

Badab-e Surt

Less than 4 hours from Tehran the capital of Iran, a magnificent mountain that displays the healing springs of life at its height boasts. The stepped, limestone formations were created over thousands of years by the flowing and cooling of water from two mineral springs. According to locals, these springs have healing properties. They say high salt levels and minerals in the spring water cures many diseases.

This wonderful natural work is Iran’s second nationalized work and after turkey’s Pamu Cala springs, is the second largest saltwater in the word.

The best time to visit this spring is may, when in addition to enjoying this magnificent phenomenon you can also watch the beauty of the pure nature of northern Iran from the top of the summit.

Khalkhal and Asalem Road

Not too far from the badab- e surt(on Iran scale), there is a road connection between Kalkhal and Asalem two areas of Iran. Its dreamy nature reminds you pictures and stories about heaven. The whole road is covered with green trees and fog. It is if the earth and the sky are joined together.

The road is 70 kilometers long, and the area is usually cold throughout the year. The amazing thing is that it’s only an hour’s drive but you can see many different faces and many colors of nature in a road.

 

Mount Damavand

If you’re a fan of hiking, you should meet the highest peak in the Middle East.  This mountain stands in the north of Tehran, the capital of Iran. The 18,605 feet mountain is located in the Alborz mountain range. You should also know that the mountain is an 1.8 million-year old volcano and has a mythological role in Persian and is recognized as a symbol of endurance. In scriptures like the Avesta and Bible and many other historical books this mountain is named. Conquest of this peak takes between 2 and 5 days. Climbers can take one of 16 major routes up Damavand, navigating its rocky terrain, mineral hot springs, and rich flora and fauna.

 

Dasht-e Lut Desert

After walking over the clouds, it is time to touch the soil. Mirror of Mars on Earth and a pristine land to watch the end of sun. A land full of silence and wonder. walking on the earth that gives you the warmth of its existence, this is one of hottest places on the planet. In 2016, Dasht e Lut was inscribes as Iran’s first and only UNESCO World Heritage site for being an exceptional example of ongoing geological processes.

The region also has a significant history. Archaeologists have found the remain of civilization for more than 6,000 years.

Turkmen Sahra

From hot desert to the green plains, Iran is the land of amazing landscapes. An endless tableau of rolling green hills in the bordering of Turkmenistan and the Caspian sea and is called Mahour Hezar Darre. There are more than 17 green peaks in the area, over 3600 meters high. The rest of the peaks are less elevated and together they create an wonderful complex. Over the top of Goug je Dagh mountain, there is the cemetery of Khalid Nabi, known for hundreds of mysterious genitalia-shaped tombstones. This area is where Iranian Turkmen lives and it is a land of moderation for Iranian and Turkmen culture.

The best time to travel Turkmen Sahra is in May and it would definitely be said you enter a piece of paradise at this time.

Qeshm

The largest island of iran in the heart of Persian Gulf. Beacous of amazing seasights, It is also famous as Persian Gulf Bride. The history of island goes back to pre-Islamic era. It was a strategic trade and navigation center, and consequently a frequent target for invaders. The island has been a portuguese colony for years and their culture has had a profound effect on the natives of the region. Despite all the changes that have changed Iran over the years, Qeshm maintained its native structure and pristine areas. Colorful soil of this area, red hills and silver beach is literally unique and makes you magical.

Katalekhor Cave

Its time to go to the heart of the Earth. A historical cave dates back to the Jurassic period. The cave is made of the Lime. It is full of aide tunnels, long columns and hanging conical candlesticks. The cave is thought  to have 7 floors, but three floors have been discovered so far. The first 100 meters of the cave have been where the early humans lived and the skeleton of 80 humans was discovered there. Katalekhor is located in outside of Zanjan city, northwest of Iran.

 

Lake Urmia

A salty lake with sweet landscape, Lake Urmia is an endorheeic salt lake located between the provinces of East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan in Iran. At its greatest extend, it was the largest lake in the Middle East and the sixth-largest saltwater lake on the Earth. Urmia, along with its approximately 102 islands, is protected as a national park by the Iranian Department of Enviroment. Sadly, over the past 45 years the lake has shrunk at an alarming speed due to decreased rainfall, agriculture, and irresponsible environmental practices- it now holds less than 10 percent of its original volume.

 

Best Natural Tourist Destinations in Iran

Best Natural Tourist Destinations in Iran 975 525 sanam

Best Natural Tourist Destinations in Iran

To visit or not to visit, that’s the question!

Traveling to an unknown country, as wide as Iran, and choosing  the breathtaking places to see during your visit can be slightly hard. Indeed the county is full of wonders, but if you are visiting Iran for the first time, you should absolutely see the bests of the bests.

Just scroll the mouse to find the best tourist destinations in Iran  from the North to the South and West to the East.

Filband

Go beyond the clouds to touch the light of the heaven and hear the sound of the Gods. This dreamy village is located on the highs of Alboz rage, in North of Tehran. With an altitude more than 2,300 meters above sea level, filband is the roof of Mazandaran. The flow of the clouds in all around its land make you walk among the sky. The silence of the village in combination with its landscape is magical and makes unforgettable moments for everyone. The name in local language means frustration and tiredness, suggesting that it is so hard to get to the village due to its location. But we promise you after seeing such a sight, not only will you not be frustrated, but will feel the life.

Shushtar

Shushtar, historical hydraulic system, inscribed as a masterpiece of creative genius, can be traced back to Darius the Great in the 5th century B.C. this place is located in shushtar city, in the north of Khuzestan province, southwest  of Iran. This system has been registered in UNESCO’s list as a tangible cultural heritage site in 2009. In the Sassanian dynasty era, this place was an island city on Karun river and selected to become the summer capital. The river was channeled to form a moat around the city, while bridges and main gates into Shushtar were built to the east, west, and south.    What amaze you is that after centuries, parts of this hydraulic system are still working. This historical place alongside its old houses in really worthy to visit.

Hengam Island

Home of dolphins, this beautiful island is located in south of Qeshm Island, Iran, in the Persian Gulf. After a journey in Persian Gulf and racing with the dolphins, you will find your-self in a little pristine island that is made of shiny silver beaches. Its crystal water is a real temptation to swim with fishes. Along with enjoying the pristine scenery of this amazing island, you can experience indigenous life in tropical Iran.

Olasbelangah

An adventure through rolling hills in a lost paradise, Olasbelangah is located in Gilan province in the north of Iran.   The mountain topped with green valleys and packed forests as far as the eyes could see. The area has many pastures and houses are mostly made of wood.  Memorable experiences are olasbelangah’s souvenir. the area is amazing in all the seasons, but summer and spring is the best time to visit.

Kandovan

kandovan is an ancient village in in the central district of Osku Country, East Azerbaijan province, northwest Iran. A rocky ancient village in the heart of foothills of Alborz range. This historical village dates back about 8 centuries and is the only inhabited cliff village in the word. Kandovan is formed hundreds years ago by volcano eruption affect in Mount Sahand in Azerbaijan. Cliffs have shaped hive cells that are the home of natives. This beautiful architectural village in one of the most turist attractions in Iran and has a lot of visitors every year.

Esfahak

A lovely village in the heart of tabas desert. It is located south Khorasan provins, Iran.  Due to an earthquake in 1978, the old village destroyed but another village was founded near it. Unfortunately, the village is now empty  and has few inhabitants, but it is  still one of the tourist attractions of Iran.

Chabahar

Chabahar Gulf is one of the biggest gulfs in Iran, near Oman Sea. It is located in Sistan and Baluchetan Province, Iran. This free zone city is full on wonders that are unknown, even for Iranian people. It has so many exceptional historical sights, wonderful post and amazing nature. Chabahar charmmig beaches, its colorful mountains and friendly people will catch every viewer’s heat.

Uraman Takht

An spectacular mountainous district, another historical village in the Kurdistan Province, Iran. This village has a thousand year old history too. The houses are constructed with dry-stone method. They are arranged such that the roof of one house is the courtyard of the other. As the village is built in the heart of the mountain, it has a dreamlike view of a lush valley. The village architecture, weather and its pristine nature is ideal for a relaxing holiday.

The Best Trekking Trails in Iran

The Best Trekking Trails in Iran 1005 434 sanam

The Best Trekking Trails in Iran

Take a look on the best hiking trails in Iran

The Iranian plateau in southwest Asia covers an area of 3,700,000 kilometers covering many countries including Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Pakistan, China and Kyrgyzstan. However, about half of it is located in Iran and has built low and high lands. In the meantime, there are many majestic peaks that shows the greatness of nature to human beings. Climbing them is like going through a path that is at the end of it another life is flowing.

Iran with 1500 peaks over 3000m is one of the most mountainous countries in the world.

Watch the nature on the top of peaks

Damavand Mountain

If you’re a fan of hiking, you should meet the highest peak in the Middle East.  This mountain stands in the north of Tehran, the capital of Iran. The 18,605 feet mountain is located in the Alborz mountain range. You should also know that the mountain is an 1.8 million-year old volcano and has a mythological role in Persian and is recognized as a symbol of endurance. In scriptures like the Avesta and Bible and many other historical books this mountain is named. Conquest of this peak takes between 2 and 5 days. Climbers can take one of 16 major routes up Damavand, navigating its rocky terrain, mineral hot springs, and rich flora and fauna.

Talysh Mountain

This mountain is located on the Alborz  mountain rage along the borders of the provinces of Iranian natural and cultural diversity. The mountain owns its beauty to its vast forest foothills. From the Soubatan village, which is also as amazing as the top of the Talysh peak, visitors can hike to Abbas Yurdi and foothills of Baghro Dagh. Tourists who experience trekking in Talysh mountains have the chance to get familiar with Talysh, Azerbaijan and Gilac languages, their rich cultures and sometimes if been lucky, their nomadic lifestyle.

Sahand Mountain

Sahand mountain is one of the highest mountains in Iranian Azerbaijan, in addition to being an important dormant volcano in the country. The absolute dating of Sahand rocks indicates that this volcano has been sporadically active from 12 milion years ago up to almost 0.14 milion years ago. The highest peaks, Jam and Kamal can easily be reached with no equipment from two routes: Tabriz and Maragheh where visitors can witness nomadic life.

As it is located in the northwest of Iran, Sahand has long and cold winters. It has a 1200 meters length complex skiing stadium and snowboarding area. The snow sculpture competition, which runs once a year at mid-winter is a famous entertainment that attracts spectators and competitors from all over the country.

Sahand mountain

This mountain is also located in Azerbaijan, Iranian turk culture people of this country. Sabalan, or Savalan mountain with 4811m height is the third highest mountain in Iran. It has a permanent crater lake formed at its summit. The mountain offers many attractions throughout the year. On the slopes of the mountain the mineral water from springs attracts large number of tourists each year, many of whom have fait in healing properties attributed to the springs. The foothills of Sabalan mountain are also famous for their great spas.

Zagros Mountain

Zagros mountain range in southwestern Iran, extending northwest-southeast from the border areas of eastern Turkey and northern Iraq to the Strait Hormoz. This mountain has a total length of 1,600 km long and more than 150 miles wide. It has wonderful trekking and hiking routes. The peaks of Zagros have steep slopes, very narrow gorges and deep valleys. Kuhrang lake, high peaks of Zard Kuh and Dena, Oak forests and Zarivar kale are some of beautiful attractions of the mountain. Zagros have been the home of Homo neanderthalensis and many ancient tribles such as Sumerian in Iran, therefor it has a big history in its  old caves.

Alam-Kuh

Mount Alam is a a mountain in Alborz mount, the second wide mountain range in Iran and forming a peak of Takht-e Suleyman massif. With an elevation of 4,850 meters it is also the second highest peak in Iran after mount Damavand. The 800 m high, steep grantie north face provides some of the most difficult and interesting mountaineering routes in the country and the climbs rank alongside major climing routes in the European Alps. Climbing Alam Kuh via all north routes is class five high altitude technical climbs which need to hard struggle with rock, ice and rock falls, but the southern slopes are steep covered with boulders and scree. Summer, especially June to October is the best time to go.

Bisotun Mount

The mount is also known as Behistun or Bisotun, it is located in the Zagros mountain range in Kermanshah province of western Iran. It is well known for famous Bisotun inscription and rock relief in which the great Achaemenian king, Darius the Great, had narrative of his exploits carved around 500 BC.

There is a famous legend about this mountain, written by Persian poet Nezamin, about a poor man named Farhad, who was in love with Princess Shirin. The legend states that, exiled for his transgression, Farhad was given the task of cutting away the mountain; if he was succeeded, he would be given permission to marry shirin. After many years and removal of half the mountain, he did find water, but was informed by Khosrow,  his love rival, that Shirin had died. He went mad, threw his axe down the hill, kissed the ground and died.

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