The world’s oldest forest alongside an important international area for birds (IBA) is located in the southern strip of the Caspian sea and on the northern side of the Alborz mountain range. Iran’s first national park, Golestan National Park, is also located in this area.
In 2019, the Hyrcanian forests were registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List. There is a rich biodiversity in this area, as more than 400 species of animals live there.
Iran’s largest cat-like (Persian Leopard), largest deer (Red deer) and largest carnivore (Brown Bear) live in this area .
Kavir National Park
The National Park and Biosphere Reserve of the Desert (registered at UNESCO) is the largest desert in Iran that is located between two salt deserts and is considered as a natural museum.
Kavir National Park is the most pristine and oldest protected area in Iran in which no residence can be seen. The most prominent animal species in the National Park and Desert Biosphere Reserve is the Asian Cheetah.
The region is rich in biodiversity as it includes several carnivorous and herbivorous species such as the North Persian Leopard, Gazella bennettii, the Mouflon, Ovis orientalis and the Persian Zebra (Iranian endemic species).
Kavir National Park is also one of the most important bird watching centers (IBA) in the world. In addition to animal biodiversity, this area also has natural attractions (fossil area, salt marsh and Desert) and numerous cultural attractions (old caravanserais).
Paradise of iranin leopard (Tandoure National Park)
Tandoure National Park is one of the richest protected areas that is located in the northeast of Iran, near Turkmenistan border.
The park has a special international reputation for its location. This area has a very rich wildlife, so that it is the best habitat for the largest cat in Iran, the Persian leopard.
The world’s rarest cat, the Pallas’s cat also lives in this area. Along with carnivorous species, the largest and most beautiful ram in Iran, called Urial mouflon is seen as a large herd in this region. According to the remnants found in this area, signs show a human habitation here.
Based on these relics, it is said that the signs of living and settlement in this region date back to the ancient Iran and before the arrival of Islam to this country.